Updated: Oct 4, 2022
Households, smallholders, Felda settlers, Felcra, derelict land areas, forest restoration, riverside areas, and aboriginal villages. Before we open up the space of consumerism and how high the value and benefits should be, we should recognize the background of the spice tree and its properties.
The important thing is to understand the growth properties of the preferred spice trees such as cloves, nutmeg, candlenuts, star anise, cinnamon, and cardamom, which require cold, fresh, clean air, which can thrive in hilly terrain, enough rainfall, and sustainable for altitudes over 500 feet of sea level. This tree needs good drainage, the roots are not water-soaked, suitable in hilly areas and highland slopes. This spice tree is easy to adapt to the environment. Spice trees that can thrive green will help grip the rocky surface and strengthen the surface of the soil. It is very interesting because the spice tree of this option can give beneficial to growers and around for more than one generation.
Its production is beneficial, to the needs and demands without boundaries. The price of spices is also very attractive due to the lack of production competition, due to the limited production area. Spices have long-standing lupus time-resistance properties because they are kept in a natural dry form with oil content and are less popular with pests.
Even in suitable conditions it can be stored last years, and get better quality without the need for preservatives.
Its natural properties make it an attractive material to modify, enhance and expand the various sectors of consumerism. Based on this in accordance with the geographical form of our country, it would be not wrong to make spices one of the good parts for farmers and all suitable inhabitants, making spice crops on occasion to increase their source of income. The implementation of this program does not emphasize the capital aspect as we intend to make it a simple, convenient, and guaranteeing agricultural program in terms of revenue and demand for consumerism.
The households that are targeted are communities from various community backgrounds, especially the lower middle class. These households such as teachers, small traders, farmers, smallholders, and villagers who own suitable vacant land areas or spaces that can be planted with spice trees of choice 10-15 meters between trees.
For this cluster, we aim for them to plant between 10-20 trees and 10 trees if any trees die. The aim is to achieve the appropriate results to increase household income, the income to be achieved is between twenty thousand and 30 thousand ringgit per year. This target is pursued without impacting the workload, management, and finances.
For one spice tree such as cloves, and candlenuts with an estimated yield of about sixty kilograms to reach one hundred kilograms per/tree per/year, it gives a source of income of one thousand to one thousand five hundred ringgit.
Easy tree care, can be made visits once or every two months. Encouraged to use organic fertilizers completely.
Apart from the household groups mentioned, the program also targeted the settlers of FELDA, and FELCRA to grow spices around the garden or at the houses of the residents in the open area behind the settlers' houses.
The program also gave suggestions to the government to make room for GBISF to organize a spice cultivation program on government-owned derelict land. The program will draw up measures to make the derelict land area a source of income for agencies that own or are allowed to obtain permission within the time frame to be planted with spices and taken as a result.
The next recommendation is to give special attention to the villages of the aboriginal community. Indigenous communities that are estimated to have 50,000 families in Malaysia occupy a flat 70% of the resettlement areas outside the city. Most of the semla settlements are also close to the forest area.
The GBISF program gives priority to the indigenous community as the location of their settlement is well suited to the growing needs of the spice tree of choice.
if each family grows in the amount of 20-50 spice trees, it can give a return between a minimum of 10-15 thousand dollars a net year. This can be certified by the need for good growth of spice trees, which require fresh, cold, and rainy areas and are on hilly terrain with natural water drainage.
if it can be given continuous input and guidance and is well managed the indigenous community can contribute at least three million spice trees.
Total continuous income of more than one generation.
The results that can be obtained based on simple calculations are as follows by taking clove crops :
The clove tree begins to bloom at the age of 5.
1 clove tree that thrives at the age of 5 to 7 years can produce flowers approximately between 40 - 60 kgs. Wet.
once dried we can get 20 to 50 kgs. dry with average sales revenue of RM. 400.00 - RM. 1000.00 / per/tree, per/ year.
from fifty thousand indigenous families with a total tree crop rate of approximately 3 million cloves they can contribute 100 thousand to 120 thousand dry tones for years with a gross yield of RM.1-1.5 billion / year.
It can be a huge contribution to the indigenous community of Malaysia. The results of this kind of record should be an important note to the government and the agencies involved.
The result of cloves is collected once a year. around August to November.
The clove tree is compatible with organic fertilizer. The care is especially easy by maintaining cleanliness around the tree.
The clove tree is also less susceptible to disease.
Only the intake of produce for picking flowers requires manual requires a certain amount of manpower. It can be turned into an annual family event.
The method for drying is especially conscious of using sunlight.
Quite dry cloves can be easily stored, care non-perishable cloves can be placed in a dry and not too closed place.
The benefits of the production of cloves, stalks, and dry leaves can still contribute additional results.
Dried clove leaves contain oil. It can be extracted to take the oil.
Dried clove stalks also still have the sales value and demand from the spice manufacturer to be ground into flour to be used as part of the cooking spice mix.
Cloves have an interesting aroma, and many uses for clove oil for medical and health needs.
Based on the results of the brief research, we can clearly see that this program is suitable for implementation.
The strength of the GBISF program is based on open participation capabilities as well as ease of management from various aspects of the clove cultivation needs, up to the market level, consumer demand, sales price as well as the expansion of the various consumer sectors, and living needs.
The most important thing is the method of guiding participants, providing adequate information input, orderly and certified management, ongoing responsibility, and developing a space where all parties can participate in.