Updated: Feb 19
Land Use issues, land area, and harnessing space in the Green-Based Intelligent Spices Forest Program*.
In Malaysia when it comes to the issue of land use, whether for rent or applied from the rights of the state government it will go through a rigorous process and end with various complexities.
It involves various factors such as the state government's confidence in land use applications in terms of capital capacity and purpose, ownership interest, preparation for various allocations to the needs of the state government as well as future matters involving the lack of existing areas as well as the pressure of political relations between the federal government and the state government.
The Green Based Intelligent Spices Forest program has been aware of the situation.
There is some confusion between understanding the implementation of the Green Based Intelligent Spices Forest program and the land use issues required for the implementation of the program.
The GBISF program has done the appropriate research for its implementation by making the Spice Cultivation Activities available in Sumatra Indonesia as an example of spice-producing agriculture.
Agricultural research of spices is not carried out in the form of plantations owned by the Company, or the state Government Corporation.
Farmers who work on spice crops are implemented in the form of ant colonies, or bees. Each of the farmers (small farmers, household farmers will plant several cloves, cinnamon, candlenuts, nutmeg, and cardamom according to the family's land area, with a flat area of under 10 acres. This spice tree is planted at a suitable angle intermittently, mixing the stir.
Their example planted 20 cinnamon trees, 5 cloves, 4 nutmeg trees, and a clump of cardamom planted mixed under the spice tree.
Therefore during each season or during the market time of the week, each farmer will carry a few kilos between 10 kgs - 20 kgs. And rarely 100 kilos of grams from one family of farmers, cinnamon, candlenut. However, due to the large population, and the large area, the proceeds obtained by 'Tangkulak', or the main collectors, reached hundreds of tonnes per week, and got thousands of tonnes per month.
Based on a 15-year field study of the Green-Based Intelligent Spices Forest program, the Programme has become more potential to be implemented in Malaysia on several highly beneficial infrastructure suitability and capabilities.
1. THE PLANTING OF SPICE TREES CAN BE INTERSPERSED WITH ORCHARDS WITH GOOD RETURNS.
2. To fill the abandoned area on the edge of the Dusun or orchard as well as the costing area behind the villagers' houses.
3. Each smallholder can plant between 20-40 spice trees for a good income as well as a good selling and demand price. An example of the price of spices from six preferred spices is between 20-50 ringgit per kilo, for the dry.
Planting between 20-40 spice trees can yield between 1 to 2 tones of dried spices per year which can contribute more than 50 thousand ringgit a year. It's every household.
This accurate data is from the farmers' production data obtained in the field of the farmers' family farming area. It can be an addition to household income and small farmers are best aware of the well-being of their households and environment.
Based on the research, the issue of using large government land with the concept of monopoly is not a major part of the implementation of this program.
The 'ant colony' system with a centralized management structure will also ensure that every farmer or household participating in the program will be monitored fairly and continuously.
The program also considers the application of land on a large scale, indirectly preventing the salaries' BENEFITS OF HOUSEHOLD WELL-BEING AND THE ENVIRONMENT AS A WHOLE.
This program wants to make full use of the unutilized space to the maximum, to be extremely beneficial without disturbing the status of the activities that are still needed for the various needs of the users.
This program does not want to change the existing agricultural policy, but rather towards improving agricultural activities with real activities, and logic to be implemented by the wishes of the National Food Supply Policy through agricultural activities that prioritize the well-being of households and the environment in the long term and can truly benefit all.